Development Milestones 0-1


months years
0–12 12 14 15 18 22 24 30 3 4 5

Child’s Age

Gross motor development (How Your Baby Moves)

Fine motor development (How Your Baby Uses His Hands)

Language development

Social Development and Play

1st Month

  • Wiggles
  • Moves arms and legs
  • Arms and legs stretch when startled
  • Little control of head—flops around if unsupported
  • Hands held closed most of the time
  • Crying
  • Cooing (“aah” sounds)
  • Looks at caregiver’s face
  • Smiles responsively by 5–6 weeks

2-3 Months

  • Kicks legs
  • Supports head briefly when held upright
  • Able to life head briefly when placed on tummy
  • Hands open most of the time
  • Crying
  • Cooing
  • Quiets when caregiver talks
  • Looks toward sound
  • Follows moving object 180 degrees

4-6 Months

  • Turns around when lying on stomach
  • Rolls over, initially stomach to back and then back to stomach
  • Good head control when pulled to sitting from lying or held upright
  • Lifts head and shoulders when placed on tummy
  • Reaches for objects
  • Holds objects in hands and begins to transfer them from one hand to the other
  • Cooing in imitation and response to adult sounds
  • Begins babbling (vowel and consonant sounds)
  • Makes razzing sounds (gives “raspberries”)
  • Bats at objects
  • Laughs
  • Interested in own image in mirror
  • Puts toys in mouth
  • Becomes wary of strangers

7-9 Months

  • Sits unsupported
  • Crawls
  • May pull to standing position
  • Holds objects and bangs them
  • Starts to pick up small objects
  • Can feed himself a cracker
  • Babbling (ba-ba-ba, da-da-da)
  • Looks for toys that fall or roll out of sight
  • Plays peek-a-boo
  • Reluctant to go to strangers

10-12 Months

  • Pulls to standing position
  • Walks along furniture (cruising) or with hand held
  • May start to walk independently (12 to 15 months)
  • Holds cup
  • Picks up small objects
  • Points
  • Holds crayon in fist (12 months)
  • Puts small objects in container
  • First words with meaning (12 months)—usually “mama” or “dada”
  • Imitates speech
  • Claps hands
  • Plays patty-cake
  • Waves “bye-bye”
  • Rolls a ball
  • Removes socks

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